If you want to start backcountry skiing there are some basic steps you need to take to get yourself going. One essential step is getting the right gear that will not only keep you comfortable in the field, but also help keep you, and your party safe in case of an emergency. A recent comment from an Unofficial reader has prompted this checklist...



Backcountry Skiing Basics | What Do You Really Need? | A Gear List for the Beginner


Local and international guide Ben Mitchell is someone that will not only help teach you how to use your backcountry gear, but teach you the necessary skills to travel and ski safely in avalanche terrain. Here he enjoys some “time off” in the Tahoe Backcountry on Angora Peak.

If you want to start backcountry skiing there are some basic steps you need to take to get yourself going. One essential step is getting the right gear that will not only keep you comfortable in the field, but also help keep you, and your party safe in case of an emergency. A recent comment from an Unofficial reader has prompted this checklist:

“Hey Brennan I’m keen to go out and buy a touring setup and start earning turns rather than spending every weekend waiting in the lines at Squaw. A post on how to get started would be really cool, and probably appreciated by the other people that read blog posts like this and wish they were out there. I’m mainly interested in what gear to buy (split up into what’s essential when you are starting off, what’s good to have once you know what you are doing, and then luxuries that you’d buy if you were out there every day – which you seem to be), where to learn some skills so you don’t put lives in danger, and some good places to start out.

My response is listed below. Before I get started I want to make mention that interest in the sport, and advances in backcountry skiing gear has exploded in recent years. At no other time in the history of the sport has so much quality gear been available to the consumer. However, backcountry skiing remains a dangerous activity, and is predicated on the reality that it is the users responsibility to take caution when engaging in this sport. Serious injury and death can come as a result. On the flip side, a safe day in the backcountry is like nothing else. Few things in life are as beautiful as spending a day lapping a mountain with fresh snow and a few of your closest friends.

An early morning skin track on the local West Shore classic Jakes

What follows is a subjective perspective of advice that is useful for a beginning backcountry skier, informed by my own personal experience based on time spent in the field, assisted by the gear I have used and tested, and experiences that have come as a result. If you don’t know how to use your gear, how to read/interpret an avalanche forecast, or travel safe in avalanche terrain this gear won’t be as empowering as it is meant to be. That said, this piece is solely meant to provide a basic list of gear one should own before starting off on the golden road to backcountry skiing.

Gear Purchase

Each of the following pieces of gear, or an equivalent product can be purchased through top online retailers, such as our Unofficial #1 choice, evo.com. Each piece of gear listed below will be actively linked to either take you to evo where you can purchase the piece of equipment discussed, or the link will take you to a review of the piece of gear mentioned, or website where you can read more about the item. 

If you want to talk to a live person, and get the best-personalized service possible in the greater Tahoe area, everything you’ll ever need to backcountry ski can be picked up at Alpenglow Sports in Tahoe City. The gals and guys at Alpenglow use just about every piece of gear they sell in the shop. They’re a cornerstone local business in our community, and if you do end up purchasing equipment through Alpenglow, beyond supporting our local economy, you’ll develop a relationship with some of the best service women and men in the business, gain intimate knowledge in the shop by being ale to ask them specific questions, and gain a better understanding of what’s the best piece of gear for you.

The First People of the Tahoe area called Mt. Tallac “Great Mountain” for a reason

Basic Equipment List

Starting from the basis that you have the motivation to get out in the backcountry, i.e., use human power to access your turns, there are a few necessary items that are essential to own.  These three pieces of gear form a basic triangle of safety equipment meant to mitigate a potential death that can come from being caught in an avalanche (beacon, shovel, probe).


Beacon: If you are travelling and skiing in avalanche terrain it is unacceptable to be without a beacon (avalanche transceiver). If you get caught in an avalanche and buried this is a tool that will allow you to be found. On the flip side, if someone in your party, or someone in a zone you are skiing gets buried in an avalanche, this is the tool that will help you find them. There are numerous high quality beacons on the market these days, and like all of the gear I’ll discuss in this piece, people choose to use specific types of gear largely dependent on price, brand, and features. There are many thoughts on the issue if you search around online, but for the past few years I’ve skied with and have trusted an Ortovox S1.

Probe: After you’ve searched for your victim using your beacon, located a signal, and honed in on their location, if there are no exposed body parts indicating exactly where they are buried, you’ll need to get your probe out to make contact with the body first before starting to dig them out.

Shovel: When you locate a victim in an avalanche using your beacon and probe the next thing you need to do is dig them out. While plastic shovels are generally smaller and lighter, they also have a tendency to fail under extreme pressure, or even from extreme temperatures. A nice sized aluminum shovel blade is highly recommended, and for the past several years I’ve owned, used, and trusted a BCA Arsenal Shovel Probe Combo. I have used a separate shovel and probe system in the past, but like having my probe conveniently stored in my shovel shaft with this system.

It may be hard to believe, but when you hike a mountain and this is your reward, it feels THAT much better

Next in line

Bindings: You can get alpine trekkers, or you can use snowshoes, but I don’t recommend either options. Both are heavy, bulky, and inefficient. The way to go theses days, if you’re not using a tele-binding or are a splitboarder, is to get an AT setup. I used Fritschi’s for years, and while they do work, all you really need to know to start your process off right is to get a pair of Dynafits. They are the lightest, most efficient, bomber binding available today. I recommend the FT 10 model since that’s what I’ve used and trust, although any binding they make is a viable option.

A special mention should be made for Marker Dukes as well. They are super heavy and really inefficient from a touring standpoint as they are essentially an inbounds binding that allows you to hike with a free-heel. However, I have a pair that I ski on when I’m inbounds and love them for that, but I also tour on them on really deep days because they’re mounted on my favorite pair of powder skis. Sometimes the benefit of bomber performance outweighs the burden of added weight. Ideally I’d just have another pair of Dynafits on my Praxis Powderboards, because for skiing the backcountry, there is no better binding you can buy. But if you’re going to mostly ski inbounds, and tour once-in-a-while, these might be a good option for you.

Skins: Because you’re smart and already know snowshoes and trekkers are only going to hold you back in the long run you got yourself an AT binding, and now you need some skins. We’ll talk about skis in a moment, but depending on what ski you choose to use that will probably influence what skins you buy. If you buy a Dynafit ski like the Stoke, you’ll probably want to get the skins specifically made for those skis. For most other skis I‘m a big fan of Black Diamond skins, specifically the Ascension skins. They’re not as light as you can go, but they are durable, glide well, stick to the skin track well, and are relatively easy-on, easy-off.

Boots: When I used snowshoes for my first local backcountry mission up Castle Peak I quickly learned why people use skins. Likewise after a couple of stubborn years using alpine boots to backcountry ski due to financial constraints, I finally saw the light and got myself a pair or AT ski boots and haven’t looked back. A lot of people will tell you why they like this boot more than that boot. For the past several years I’ve skied on Garmonts and find them to be the best balance of comfort and performance money can buy. I loved the Axons, but now swear by the Radiums. They’re the best ski boot I’ve ever used. I’m also looking forward to trying out the Masterlite’s this season, which speaks to a newer push from the industry to offer lighter weight AT boots that work on the down, but excel on the up.

Storm day tree-skiing in Tahoe is tough to beat, much like the float and feel of the locally owned and produced Praxis Powderboards

Skis: The biggest movement beyond just the influx of quality gear in the backcountry ski world over the past few years has been to continually refine equipment to be lighter while maintaining durability and performance on the decent. Dynafit makes some of the lightest skis on the market that many skiers find give them exactly what they need for skinning and skiing. Personally, I’ve skied the Stoke a good 40 or so days and don’t really love them. The up is fantastic, but the down is not what I’m looking for, personally. The only way you’re going to find the right ski for you is to test pairs out and see what works best for you, or do your best pooling information from those who have tested and reviewed skis, and make a decision based on second-hand knowledge. I’m constantly on the search for harmony between light and smooth on the up, with no compromise on the down. This is why I sometimes choose to ski my relatively heavy powder skis on super deep days in our own local backcountry because the skis are just so much more fun than anything else I’ve ever used. That said, I’m really looking forward to skiing Praxis Freeride skis as my go-to backcountry ski this year. If I wasn’t 6’ 3”, 200+/- lbs, I’d probably be skiing the Praxis BC Boards, or be content with the Dynafit Stoke.

Backpack: With so many choices, again it boils down to what are your primary objectives, and what is the lightest thing out there, that’s comfortable to you, and has the capacity to store and carry everything you need. I switch my pack on and off depending on my particular mission. For most moderate to long days, although it is a bit heavy and bulky, the Mystery Ranch Big Sky Pack has been the most comfortable pack I’ve ever skied with and I love it. If I’m trying to go lighter and don’t need to carry “all” my backcountry gear, I often use an older pack I’ve had for years.

Poles: Any will do, but some turn into a probe, and some are collapsible. That’s what I’ve used for a while now, Black Diamond collapsible poles, and I find these are the best option for backcountry skiing. When I’m boot-packing I can collapse my poles for better efficiency while hiking. Likewise depending on how deep and steep the skin track is I adjust the size while on the up, and change them back for a proper skiing length on the down. They also strap to my pack easily when collapsed if I’m using another tool to climb on an ascent such as an ice axe.

The man, the myth, the legend: Tom Day sending it in Emerald Bay with a view that can’t be beat

Proper Clothing System: The basics are pretty much what you want for inbounds skiing, but specifically married to backcountry skiing. You want to think about breathability and quick changeovers. Just remember lighter is better, and a lifetime warranty is worth the extra bucks up front.

Personnal Reccomendations

Socks: Bridgedale

Underwear: Patagonia: Long and Short

Pants: Soft Shell: Patagonia Hard Shell: Marmot

Base Layer: Patagonia

Insulating Layer: Brooks Range

Protective Layer (hood preferable): Patagonia

Gloves: Heavy: Black Diamond Mid: Mountain Hardware Lightweight: I use Black Diamond, these are just as good

Hat: Something like this will do

Helmet: Smith

Sunglasses: Smith

Googles: Smith

Hydration: Bladder: Camelback, but if it’s really cold I use Bottle(s) (make sure either choice is BPA free!)

Food: Bars, and blocks, and gels 

That is a basic checklist of gear you need for a “regular” day out backcountry skiing. Check back soon and I’ll have Part II, an addition that will build from this piece and include topics such as other items you might want while out in the field, and where to get necessary avalanche education before heading out.

Happy people, happy dogs, gorgeous scenery-Tahoe is simply a happy place to be a backcountry skier

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  • Andonov


    I’m new in free skiing. Haven’t actually started yet. I bought Rossignol S6 Jib skis with Diamir Fritschi FR+ bindings. What boots you recommend for that setup?


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  • Steve

    I have been snowboarding for 4 years now in Michigan only. I want to eventually get into the backcountry. Any suggestions on where I should start to focus on as far as perfecting maneuvers on the slopes? I can board good on our small hills in Michigan, such as Boyne but I know it is a whole new game in the backcountry. Also are there any groups that go as no friends want to do that with me?

  • Richard Bothwell

    Hey Brennan,

    Regardless of the nit-picking and spray your original article generated, It’s still a good primer for anyone who is interested in getting into the backcountry and doesn’t know where to start. It wasn’t written to be the final authority, but a a starting point, right?

    Yeah, I could nit-pic a few points, like the importance of avy training and companion rescue practice (not just hide and seek with a beacon) , but I still think it’s a good article to get people heading in the right direction. Nice job.

    I’m happy to have a discussion of BCA vs. Ortovox vs. Pieps, compressed air vs. nitrogen in air bags, or optimal width of strip search patterns over a pint of Racer 5 anytime. Those discussions are always better over beer (or while skinning) rather than over the internet.

    Keep up the good work! I’m looking forward to a whole new season of reading the spray and whining on Unofficial this year, and I’m sure your writing will inspire its fair share.

    • Brennan Lagasse

      Exactly Richard. Happy to have those conversations as well, and of course the major point with this piece is to offer a basic starting point. I say so in the intro/disclaimer to start, and if you look at the #2 and #3 trackback articles they build on the offering from this piece as well. Critique is always welcome and adds to the conversation, but spray is spray, and to claim absolutes within this subject matter goes against the point to foster an open dialogue. Just as every day in the bc is different and unique, so are the experiences and perspectives of those who spend time there. Hope to see you out in a skin track sooner than later!

  • Brennan Lagasse

    Thanks for all the great comments everyone! Just got an email that this was up on the site again (first posted last year) because of a few poor comments that were shared. IMO, no need to feed the troll as we know there are always a few that are “too cool for school” and it’s very clear this guy isn’t a part of our Tahoe-Sierra BC community since we’re made of people that have respect, care for our bc community, and use opportunities like this article to ask good questions to better inform ourselves and our partners in preparation for all the beautiful bc days that lie ahead. Jah and others basically put it in perspective, nice work, thanks for the kind words, and let’s GET FIRED UP for another season!!!! Don’t tell me you haven’t noticed it getting cooler at night the past couple of weeks…

  • jah

    Dear skiclimber,
    I am sorry your parents didn’t love you. Don’t worry, everything will be ok. Take a deep breath, and just relax. Feel all that negative energy leaving your body as you exhale. Good, now have a great season and try to smile. Things will get better.

  • reality

    BCA Tracker is no easier to use than any other entry level digital beacon . That was just clever marketing by BCA.

    • no really

      … he’s right, it is a nice beacon, but it really is not any easier to use at all. That really was just marketing that sucked a lot of people in.

      Get a Mammut Element. Just as easy to use (very easy) and better range.

  • Dave

    Anyone have suggestions for AT bindings other thatn the dukes? I have 105mm underfoot skis and want something more geared towards alpine with occasional side/backcountry trek.

    • Hardcore Pole Whacker

      I just switched from the Fritschi to the Atomic Tracker (Salomon Guardian.) With a similar touring transition to the Fritschi, the Din and ski-ability is what breaks them apart. Going to a 16 din, a lower profile which is more stable than that of the Fritschi’s, it is a great choice. With a wide toe plate, they are great for the wider skis and can accommodate a 130mm brake. My 2 cents.

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  • Sean

    Avy 1 will give a beginner just enough confidence and knowledge to go out and kill himself or his buddies. That being said, sign up for a course. Buy some books like Snow Sense, The White Book, etc. Read them before every season. Read them during the season. Pay attention to the weather. Dig pits. Lots of them. If you live in the mountains you have the advantage of knowing what the snow is doing on a day to day basis. The avy report has an archives section. Read them. Read accident reports and figure out where someone else screwed up and don’t make the same mistake. Ski with old guys. They’ve managed to keep themselves alive long enough to be old. Keep in mind they might just be lucky and not smart. Question everything you do and everything you see others do in the backcountry. Lose some weight. It’ll make dragging your fat ass uphill a little easier. Have fun!

      • Horton

        Definitely, pretty BC savy and shares the same sentiment. I’d be interested to know your feelings about my recent post on BC protocol in the Art of Flight, people are pretty spilt on it.

      • Sean

        I have yet to see anything but the trailer for The Art of Flight. That being said, my initial reaction was Jeeeesus! ( in regards to the slides featured within). My skiing skills are not at the level where I can drop into heavy lines that I know will absolutely slide yet also know that I will be ahead of the slide. Please don’t read too far into this course of reasoning as I realize the flaws and potential dangers associated with it. There’s a lot going on behind the scenes in these flicks that people don’t see. In regards to how such behavior might influence viewers, I can only hope that it would lead people to gain the requisite skills and education to perform these incredible acts. As I mentioned in my initial post, it is important to question what you are doing and what you see others doing in the backcountry. Any arguments that Rice and his crew are merely a bunch of dumbass snowboarders are null and void. These guys know what they’re doing, how to execute it, and what the consequences are. The level of riding these guys are at is insane so it’s easy to see how the film would draw criticism from those that see these things as cavalier. Countless activites fall into this category (base jumping, free soloing). The persuasive power of television and film is quite powerful. For every kid that moves west this year from Ohio and decides to duck ropes and get rad like Travis because he saw it on TV, I hope there’s another one right behind him digging his hubris filled dumb ass out and helping him to see the light.

  • Bert

    Hi Brennan, thanks for answering what was a comment at the bottom of a post. I didn’t expect you to put together this much content! It is an awesome guide on getting going and I can see it has started a decent discussion too, all of which is really constructive. The unique benefits and drawbacks in comparing Dukes with Dynafits is something I’d been thinking about, and you addressed it well. Now I’m looking forward to part two.

    • Brennan Lagasse

      No worries Bert. Thanks for your previous comment. Happy to do the piece and facilitate a necessary conversation.

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  • Arik Wasserman

    Hey Brennan, just wanted to let you know that I really enjoy reading your articles. Definitely fun to read. Keep sharing your powder adventures with us. If you dont remember me we last hung out at wsp with frumkin and my bros.

  • Brennan Lagasse

    Great comments in here people-keep’em coming, and I’ll make sure they’re all touched on in the follow up piece.

    Couple of quick points: Jordan, I have splitboard partners but am not a splitboarder, feel free to share any beta you’d like in that department.

    The BCA Tracker is a great beacon and arguably the easiest to use-fully recommended.

    On Trekkers, in the scheme of things, whatever gets you to the top, back down, and back home is a winner. However, having learned over the years there’s a reason those who spend a majority of their time in the backcountry use what they do. Trekkers and snowshoes will get the job done, but you’ll work harder and the effort put in is less efficient than if you were to have an AT binding. As I sated, my subjective viewpoint is if you’re starting from scratch, do it right, and get the best tool available. I started with snowshoes and alpine boots, and they got the job done, just no where near as smooth and as efficient as what I’m using now. If you’re not sure, that’s why I’d still say get a pair of Dukes so then you can ski them inbounds and have a free heel. Still, even beyond a fritichi, ask around, and time and time again dynafits will be what a majority of bc users will say are the best AT binding currently available.

  • Rich

    While he does not recommend the Alpine Trekkers, I found them to be a great way to get introduced to touring. They didn’t require that I invest in a new pair of skis, bindings, boots, etc. Just click them into your existing setup and go. After a season and a half on them I’m ready to invest in a more serious setup. Its given me the time to experience the backcountry so that I have now developed my own ideas as to what I want to spend my money on this year.

    • Jordan Schwartz

      And to piggy back there Rich, some of my friends have Trekkers and love them on Powder Days. Several of them have Alpine Bindings that they love and don’t trust anything else on their feet, In this case, it is a great addition to the ski. One of my closest back country buddies stated “Trekking in powder was great with them because I was actually a little higher than I would have been. On Ice, not so bueno.” With racking up 60+ days back country last year, I trust his judgement.

  • Winter Park Custom Splits


    I know part II is on it’s way and I would be pissed if I didn’t bring up the BCA Float system. While Ortovox works for you, I will forever swear by the Tracker that my buddies in Boulder put out .

    The Float 36:

    And finally, If anybody has any questions on the whole Splitboard side of things(I know you are one of those skier folks, but prob have the answer anyway), I’d be more than happy to answer any questions if they come up.


    • sman

      YES and xtra food. know how to make a bed outta pine needles…. know how to shelter urself, how to ration…… you just need commmon sscence and knwledge of YOUR OWN gear. i use my beacon. you use yours. i dont need to know how to use yours…. prolly easy to anyhow, arent they almost all the same in a way…

      are the digi ones way better than the analog beaons??

  • Ccrossen

    Another item worth mentioning, a little advanced, but newbies should get one going: some sort of basic repair kit including duct tape, lighter, cord, extra binding parts, reflective blanket. Utility tool (Brooks range, gerber etc) is nice too. Make a small kit, get a bag, put it in the bottom of the pack and just let it stay in there all season. You never know …

  • Pal

    First thing you should do, something that I did and turned out to be best decision I have ever made, is sign up for an Avy 1 class. ASI allows you to rent all the equipment needed. By the time your class is completed you will know how to use your equipment properly and be familiar with brands/models of all required tools, not to mention you won’t be 100% clueless when you get out there. I promise this is something you won’t regret and well worth the few hundred dollars each class costs.

  • MtnResQChick

    Great list! I know in your second article you will be mentioning none of this is worth beans unless you are in the backcountry with other people who also have the appropriate gear AND know how to use it! (It continues to surprise me to this day when I encounter a solo skier popping out of the backcountry. yeesh.)

    • Brennan Lagasse

      Other pieces of gear beyond the basics, like an avalug, as well as necessary education like avi 1 will be included in the follow up piece. Thanks for putting the comment up though, because as I mentioned, gear is good, but not knowing how to use it or understand avalanche terrain negates its overall value.

    • Brennan Lagasse

      It 100% deserves to be on the next list I mention at the end of this piece. This is just Basic 101, while things like airbags, an avalung, whippet, etc. etc. will help anchor that next list. They could’ve all be included in this one, but based on the reader’s comment that spawned this list, it seemed more appropriate to have this basic list stand alone, then go into other useful items in another article.

      • Skier from Cali

        But many such as myself would consider it absolutely essential, only 100 bucks more for a pack and airbag that give you 45 minutes more breathing time, not very smart to head out without one!

    • sman

      i dont think so because that is an option of backpack, and that was covered. that avalung will not save your life, it might help but if your in a slide, your in a slide. thats that.

  • Bigger Sky

    While some writers on this sight do seem to lack a journalistic approach, and post trivial content, Brennan Lagasse is NOT one of them. He is the writer who is constantly gathering Eastern Sierra by actually being there, he is a very reputable source on California backountry and sidecountry conditions and facts. So I trust his gear recommendations. Here is one of his trips, http://unofficialnetworks.com/ring-fire-mega-tr-alpenglow-sports-96914/ , and heres another http://unofficialnetworks.com/state-alaskan-backcountry-2012-pnh-helitouring-wrap-chugach-mountains-cordova-ak-91327/ . If a bc trip in alaska is amateur, then Squaw is for Pussies. Researching either at all shows the complete opposite. Your comment? a big fail.

  • Yikes

    and you, skiclimber, obviously have not been reading enough of Brennan’s writing to be commenting on what he has to say.

    from the tone of your posts on this article, clearly you are too jaded to be able to make intelligent remarks here. please take your dribble to the other articles posted on this site. thanks.

  • no really

    Your assumptions about my experience are very wrong. And you come across very poorly. Let me guess… Canadian guide? Old and crusty? Thought so.

  • Bigger Sky

    dude, you’re kind of a dick. your right. most of us probably don’t know how to use every single beacon on the market. To do that we would need tens of thousands of dollars or be hired as a heli or cat skiing guide. And most of those positions are full, and most of us are broke. So it would make more sense if we all just learned to use our own beacons well enough to find our buried buddy. In what situation would I need to know how to use all of my 8 person group’s beacons? If we all practiced and had the knowledge to use them i don’t see the issue. You should probably move to france. you would fit in really well.

  • no really

    Kind of a dick is correct, but polite. His type is well known across the industry. Classic acmg no doubt.

    Knowing “…just about every beacon on the market” is meaningless in this discussion. Knowing most of the entry level digital beacons is meaningful, and in terms of “easy to use” they are all the same. BCA is just fine, but no easier to use than any other.

    Everyone should enjoy the mountains in any way they like, not just guides. This was a perfectly fine article. Get some.

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